Chopin Evocations – Daniil Trifonov, Mikhail Pletnev, Mahler Chamber Orchestra

Este CD vai em homenagem à todos aqueles românticos babões, como este que vos escreve, que sempre se emocionam com as obras do polonês Chopin, mesmo que já as tenham ouvido dezenas, quiçá, centenas de vezes.
Daniil Trifonov é um dos grandes nomes do piano da atualidade, sem dúvida nenhuma. E esta sua parceria com o também pianista, regente e compositor Mikhail Pletnev, e claro, russo como ele, é uma grande prova disso. Os fãs destes concertos vão notar que existe uma diferença na parte orquestral, e aí é que entra Pletnev, que reescreveu essa parte. Li em certa ocasião que aí residia um dos grandes problemas destes concertos: a parte orquestral, que não seria a praia de Chopin. Alguns excessos desnecessários, diziam os críticos. Pletnev realmente deu um trato, digamos assim, enxugou estas partes. Volto a repetir, os fãs dos concertos e ouvintes destas obras há décadas, como este que vos escreve, irão entender do que estou falando. Aliás, antes de ouvir com mais atenção esta gravação, ouvi a histórica gravação de Samson François, lá do final dos anos 50, com a regência de Louis Fremaux, uma de minhas leituras favoritas. E Samson François foi um dos maiores intérpretes de Chopin do século XX.

Mas vamos ouvir o que Trifonov tem a dizer:
“Chopin revolutionized the expressive horizons of the piano. From very early in his musical output, Chopin’s lyrical grace, thematic sincerity, harmonic adventure and luminous virtuosity embodied all the qualities the Romantics, like Schumann, found irresistible.”

O texto do booklet continua a análise:

“In the context of these diverse works composed or inspired by Chopin, a new light is cast on his two piano concertos, written in close succession when he was turning 20. The F minor “Second” Concerto was in fact composed and premiered first, although it was published after the E minor “First” Concerto. Yet irrespective of sequence, the two works can be understood together as a singular experiment in a genre to which Chopin never returned. They reflect the young composer’s creative consciousness paying homage to his musical predecessors while searching for new expressive means. As Trifonov explains: “The concertos are more massive in terms of length and instrumentation than anything else Chopin ever wrote. He knew and admired the piano concertos of Mozart and Beethoven, yet his interest in the form was not in the Classical balance between soloist and orchestra, but in the concerto as a lyrical epic form, like a Delacroix painting, providing a huge tableau for his musical expression.”
The experiment was only partly successful. While the E minor Concerto is more bravura and the F minor more introversion, they are both full of candid sentiment, drama and pianistic innovation, their central movements evoking bel canto melodies of heartbreaking intimacy. But the proportions are challenging. Chopin eschews the Classical convention of discrete cadenzas, instead subsuming all elements of thematic variation and technical development in a continuous soloistic narrative. His typically delicate, improvisational style and compact elegance can get lost in the sprawling dimensions of the works, the authenticity of whose orchestrations have always been a matter of debate. In both concertos, the piano plays almost uninterruptedly from the solo introduction in the first movement exposition through to the final bars. Yet, as the soloist winds and twists and explores melodic nuances, the original orchestral accompaniment provides punctuation and amplitude but little affinity with this flow of ideas. It was the desire to restore these two works to more chamberlike proportions commensurate with the detail of the solo material and to allow for more faithful interaction between soloist and orchestra that motivated Mikhail Pletnev to create new orchestrations for the two Chopin concertos. The piano parts are unaltered, but Pletnev’s streamlined instrumentation, in Trifonov’s words, “liberates the soloist. The new orchestral transparency allows the pianist greater spontaneity and sensitive engagement with the other voices.” Himself a brilliant pianist-composer, Pletnev’s intimate knowledge of the scores as both performer and orchestrator make him an ideal partner in Trifonov’s Chopinist evocations. The Mahler Chamber Orchestra, a dynamic ensemble of soloists steeped in the responsiveness demanded by opera and chamber music, realizes Pletnev’s refreshed balances of voice and colour. Pletnev’s contribution to the musical constellation is not only material, but also spiritual. As Trifonov explains: “My mentor and teacher, Sergei Babayan, studied with Mikhail Pletnev in Moscow in the 1980s. That makes him a little bit like my musical forefather.” The family portrait is completed on this album by a rendition of Chopin’s rarely heard and devilishly difficult Rondo op. posth. 73, performed by Trifonov and Babayan together. This autobiographical element closes the circle of thematic motives in Trifonov’s project revolving around Chopin. “Chopin is one of the world’s most beloved composers – the poetry of his music goes straight to the heart and requires no justification”, Trifonov contends. “But in a sense, the genius of Chopin becomes even more clear in the context of those who influenced him and those who have been inspired by him.” The programme affords an opportunity to hear his familiar music afresh, transfigured within a tapestry of historical, musicological, personal and expressive “evocations”, as well as a glimpse of the young man to whose “genius, steady striving, and imagination” Schumann bowed his head.”

Espero que apreciem. Eu gostei muito deste CD.

CD 1
FRÉDÉRIC CHOPIN (1810–1849)
Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No.  2 in F minor op.  21 f-Moll | en fa mineur
1 1. Maestoso
2 2. Larghetto
3 3. Allegro vivace

Daniil Trifonov piano
Mahler Chamber Orchestra
Mikhail Pletnev

Variations on “Là ci darem la mano” from the opera Don Giovanni by W. A. Mozart in B flat major op.  2 B-Dur | en si bémol majeur
4 Introduction. Largo – Poco più mosso
5 Tema. Allegretto
6 Var. 1. Brillante
7 Var. 2. Veloce, ma accuratamente
8 Var. 3. Sempre sostenuto
9 Var. 4. Con bravura
10 Var. 5. Adagio

ROBERT SCHUMANN (1810–1856)
12 Chopin. Agitato 1:30 No. 12 from Carnaval op.  9

EDVARD GRIEG (1843–1907)
13 Study “Hommage à Chopin” op.  73 no. 5. Allegro agitato

SAMUEL BARBER (1910–1981)
14 Nocturne op.  33. Moderato

PYOTR ILYICH TCHAIKOVSKY (1840–1893)
15 Un poco di Chopin op. 72 no.  15. Tempo di Mazurka

Daniil Trifonov piano

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CD 2

1 Rondo for Two Pianos in C major op. posth. 73 n ut majeur
Daniil Trifonov, Sergei Babayan pianos

Concerto for Piano and Orchestra No. 1 in E minor op. 11 e-Moll
2 1. Allegro maestoso
3 2. Romance. Larghetto
4 3. Rondo. Vivace

Daniil Trifonov piano
Mahler Chamber Orchestra
Mikhail Pletnev

FREDERIC MOMPOU (1893–1987) Variations on a Theme by Chopin
5 Theme. Andantino
6 Var. 1. Tranquillo e molto amabile
7 Var. 2. Gracioso
8 Var. 3. Lento (Para la mano izquierda / For the left hand)
9 Var. 4. Espressivo
10 Var. 5. Tempo di Mazurka
11 Var. 6. Recitativo
12 Var. 7. Allegro leggiero
13 Var. 8. Andante dolce e espressivo
14 Var. 9. Valse
15 Var. 10. Évocation. Cantabile molto espressivo
16 Var. 11. Lento dolce e legato
17 Var. 12. Galope y Epílogo 3:19

FRÉDÉRIC CHOPIN
18 Impromptu No.  4 in C sharp minor 5:36 “Fantaisie-Impromptu” op.  66

Daniil Trifonov piano

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